Seunghwan Myeong et all: Smart City Strategies—Technology Push or Culture Pull? A Case Study Exploration of Gimpo and Namyangju
25/12/2020 – 11:25
Citation: Myeong, S.; Kim, Y.; Ahn, M.J. Smart City Strategies—Technology Push or Culture Pull? A Case Study Exploration of Gimpo and Namyangju, South Korea. Smart Cities 2021, 4, 41–53. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ smartcities4010003
Received: 26 November 2020 Accepted: 19 December 2020 Published: 24 December 2020
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Abstract: This study aims to address strategies, models, and the motivation behind smart cities by analyzing two smart city project cases in medium-sized cities, i.e., Gimpo and Namyangju in South Korea. The case of Smartopia Gimpo represents a top-down, infrastructure-focused smart city inno- vation that invested in building state-of-the-art big data infrastructure for crime prevention, traffic alleviation, environmental preservation, and disaster management. On the other hand, Namyangju 4.0 represents a strategy focused on internal process innovation through extensive employee training and education regarding smart city concepts and emphasizing data-driven (rather than infrastructure- driven) policy decision making. This study explores two smart city strategies and how they resulted in distinctively different outcomes. We found that instilling a culture of innovation through the training of government managers and frontline workers is a critical component in achieving a holistic and sustainable smart city transformation that can survive leadership changes.
Keywords: big data; cultural change; data analytics; IoT; smart cities